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divided parties. Party recipes for the energy crisis

No doubt about the disease. The gas crisis is a doom for businesses and families and must be stopped immediately, all parties cry out. On the cure, however, the choir does not sing in unison. Those who promise energy self-sufficiency, those who are still betting on renewables, those who, on the other hand, offer respite for a little more Russian gas. The energy war between the EU and Russia divides the parties vying for the elections.


PUNISHMENTS

From Cernobbio, guests of the Ambrosetti Forum, the party leaders offer the recipes of the crisis. Matteo Salvini, secretary of the League, continues to think that the sanctions against Russia are a boomerang and must be reviewed. “I wonder if what we are doing is not harming those we would like to harm”, doubt has taken hold of Lake Como. But this time the “Captain” adjusts the shot. If the measures against Russia are to remain in place, then we must build “a European shield, as we did with the containment”, he says.

A measure on which seems to converge the leader of the FdI Giorgia Meloni, who launches instead a “compensation fund” for the European nations most affected by the backlash of the sanctions, Italy in the lead. And even also reiterates the hard line against Moscow: “It is our position that we decide, our credibility”, commented from Cernobbio.

Sanctions, in short, do not touch, it is the line of the leader in pectore of the center right. This is taken up, on the other hand, by the secretary of the Democratic Party Enrico Letta, convinced that the sanctions against the Kremlin must remain at all costs. And who promises to remove them – add the leader dem with a direct push on Salvini – he is doing “very heavy damage to Italy, to our reliability and to our role in Europe”. Laconic also Carlo Calenda, leader of Action and the Third Pole: “It’s not worth talking about it”, the spade at the leader of the League.

EU BATTLES

In the background, two European battles remain unresolved which may loosen the Russian grip on Italian bills. The first is from Mario Draghi: a European gas price cap. A measure on which the EU Energy Council will decide at an extraordinary meeting on September 9 and then the first European Council in October. On paper, all the parties that showed up at the polls voted in favour.

Starting with Meloni, who after initial doubts finally endorsed the cause. Not without pointing the finger at the EU. “The cap on the price of gas is not there today because it is not convenient for the Netherlands and Germany and that means that in the Europe of solidarity, others defend their national interests,” da Cernobbio said. Salvini agrees, however proposed to follow “the Macron model”. It is a question of introducing by law – as the French government did last January – a ceiling on the price of gas to stop expensive bills. And then subsidize the energy suppliers to compensate for the losses.

Letta makes the “price-cap” a fixed point of the program and is convinced that it can be introduced “at the national level” by introducing “a regime of administered prices with the misalignment between the prices of gas and renewable energies”, said he said in recent days. . And if for the leader of Civic Engagement the cap on the price of methane it’s a battle who must see all the parties united, Matteo Renzi and Calenda remain cautious: for the former minister it is “very feasible” but first “other measures are needed”.

Among these – and here we come to the second European game – the decoupling of the price of gas from the price of renewable energies. For Meloni it can also be done immediately, “it can be done at national level” even if, he added, “I would not be for the budget hole”. Democratic Party leader Letta also agrees, “the price needs to be reset” and the proposal is also high on Calenda and Renzi’s agenda.

HOLIDAY RECIPES

However, the electoral programs tabled by the parties also speak of energy and crisis. There are five items on the agenda of the Pd. From the control of electricity prices, with a system of tariffs administered for 12 months, to the “new light social contract” for families with medium-low incomes and micro-enterprises. And then again the “doubling of the tax credit to compensate for the additional costs of gas and electricity companies”, “a major national plan for energy savings, encouraging companies to invest in energy efficiency” and the investments in renewable energy.

Forza Italia, meanwhile, is emphasizing energy infrastructure with Silvio Berlusconi hoping for “urgent measures to sterilize the increases and start immediately in the construction of regasifiers, waste-to-energy plants, renewable energy and also with research on own nuclear power”. Renzi and Calenda focus on clean energy with the aim of reducing “CO2 emissions by 55% by 2030 through the use of renewable sources”. Ultimately, however, the mission is to obtain “an optimal mix with renewable energies and nuclear”.

In the FdI program, on the other hand, a mantra resonates: yes to the green transition but on condition of “defending and protecting the interests of the national industrial and productive system”. And for expensive bills, there is a measure for users most at risk: “Setting up of “subsistence services” for situations of economic hardship: minimum level of electricity and gas guaranteed even in the event of arrears “.

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