by Viola Contursi
ROME (Public Policy) – Act now, in finance law, with a structural reduction of the tax wedge, by a profound reform of our tax system which reorganizes levies in a redistributive direction and really strengthens the fight against tax evasion, saying goodbye to the season of amnesties. And then intervene on what is a real emergency in our country, namely the labor market: with the minimum wage yes, but also and above all with representation law (to counter pirate contracts) and, in the aftermath of this crisis, reflection on a layoffs not binding for companies that need it. Without forgetting the fundamental transition towards renewable energies, with a proposal among all which is that of differentiate the price of energy obtained with gas from that obtained from renewable sources.
These are some of the points of the political recipe for Maria Cecilia Guerracurrent undersecretary for the economy and candidate for Piedmont College1-P01 on the list Democratic Party – Democratic and Progressive Italy.
Q. Let’s start with the most cutting-edge news: the changes to the legislation on the transfer of superbonus credits. Concretely, according to you, what must be done, as a political actor, to definitively solve the problem of the constitution of bonus credits?
R First of all, I believe that the credit problem must be solved, because there has been a dependency of companies and people and the problem must be solved. Such relevant cases cannot be left open to those who behaved according to the rules. The proposal under discussion allows for easy transferability of problem loans, there is resistance to possible costs. I believe that it is necessary to find a mediation.
D. Let’s get to the decree Help ter. Will a solution be found to the non-payment of the excess tax?
R This is surely a point that is being examined, that is to say trying to understand why this taxation has not given the expected results. Certainly, there was a positive result of the measures taken with the previous decree, which toughened the sanctions. And now we are trying to understand whether it is necessary to intervene precisely on the legislation. I would like to clarify one point: Italy is the only country that has tried to tax additional profits in order to obtain an immediate income. Hence the difficulties: we speak generically of a tax on excess profits but it is clear that a real taxation on excess profits can only be done in the final balance sheet, that is to say when we know the profits of the various enterprises, and how much will therefore be in excess of the normal profits. Italy’s attempt is to anticipate income, because rightly – and it is an operation that I consider very positive because the emergency is now and we must support businesses and families – we must immediately call the subjects they earn disproportionately to the crisis to collaborate to bear the costs. But it is, in fact, a technically difficult operation.
Q. What do you think this last decree of the Draghi era should also contain?
R There is one point on which there is maximum convergence, and that is to strengthen corporate tax credits. But there are other points on which we must act. We, from democratic and progressive Italy, are pushing for us to start intervening with measures that are also effective in the long term. A point that seems very important to me is that of intervening to try to misalign the price of energy obtained with gas from that obtained from renewable sources. Because the second has much lower costs and should therefore be able to be purchased at a lower price. The proposal is to create a light social contract which consists of the possibility for a single Buyer to buy this energy at the lowest cost with multi-year contracts to allocate it to the most needy subjects. This is indeed an urgent measure which does not require public resources, but only a reorganization of the market.
Q. Another proposition that comes out of your list concerns work.
R Yes, another proposal for urgent intervention concerns dismissals: as we have done during the pandemic, with a dismissal that is not onerous for companies, we must begin to assess the possibility of recourse, in the event of from shutdowns driven by rising energy costs, to a more easily accessible severance fund.
Q. Given the tight deadlines, these proposals – if they were not included in the text of the decree – are unlikely to be discussed later in this Parliament.
R The conversion of this decree will inevitably be entrusted to the next Parliament, if an autonomous decree is issued. Let’s say it’s desperate to end up in a government crisis generated a few months after the natural expiration, which has reduced the possibility of intervention in the economy by the government and weakened our contractual strength within the EU to a time when in Europe discusses crucial proposals on how to deal with this new crisis. We had the ability to count and instead we are lame, we are practically mute. And so whoever took this responsibility, it is useless to speak now about the deviation of 30 billion
D. You work at NaDef, which will inevitably photograph the existing one. What is your opinion on the work done by the outgoing government and what more should have been done.
R What has been done has been widely shared, from the push for renewable energy to interventions in a redistributive sense. What a more leftist government could have done is stronger measures regarding the labor market, where we have an emergency situation, especially for young people and women. There is a lot to do: not only the minimum wage, but also the strengthening of bargaining, the abolition of pirate contracts, and a much stricter regulation of precarious contracts, which must only be used in the event of real need.
Q- Another thing we were working on, but which remains unfinished due to the government crisis, is the structural reduction of the tax wedge. How do you think an organic and funded intervention should be done?
R The structural cut of the corner will have to be done, I hope for it, with the next finance law, everyone says it. The fundamental difference in the approaches lies between those who, like us, propose a profound reform of taxation and those who believe that this can be done in deficit. And it’s really a very imaginative thing to think that we can replace a structural levy with a deficit, which would then put us in the position of continually having to pay higher interest rates.
Q. How do you imagine this profound tax reform?
A. We are considering a reform that reduces the burden on the factors of production, in particular on labour, and that distributes the tax burden better. If we look at our taxation, we realize that there is a sort of à la carte menu where for the same income, depending on the category, we pay very different taxes. It is possible to rearrange this levy and thus recover the cost of the employees. In particular, it is right in my opinion to act on the contributory part, because we need a tax plan which calls on all income to contribute to our well-being. We have a paradoxical system.
D. For example?
R If a Region encounters a health deficit, it is forced to increase the additional personal income tax. But the personal income tax supplement is only paid by employees, pensioners and the self-employed with high incomes. All others are excluded, but why? Everyone must contribute to health care costs. There is therefore room to better distribute the levy.
D. Another topical issue is that of tax evasion.
R There is room to intervene and it is not insignificant, given that the right proposes as a mantra the idea of tax amnesties from now to eternity, without differentiating those who need to be helped from those who could pay but are forgiven. continuously. It has become a national sport that sends a clear message: escapism will not be prosecuted, and that is very serious. We need to move forward, like overcoming some rigidities of the Privacy Guarantor on the use of databases. There is room for action.
Q. A tool for intervening in the tax system in a redistributive sense has been tax delegation.
R The tax delegation was a harlequin dress of the wishes of the individual parties. It has lost all reference to a global conception. There are positive things, which are then those that the right has opposed, such as the strengthening of the fight against tax evasion and a review of the cadastre to allow us to assess how much our tax system of levying d assets is unfair. For the remainder it is a reform which in fact crystallizes the injustices of which I spoke, and in fact we of article 1 voted against.
D. Let’s move on to citizenship income. In your opinion, should it be kept?
R We are the last country, with Greece, to have managed to build a universal support network for people living in absolute poverty. And therefore, it would take more than that to eliminate a realization that we came to so late. After that, this, like other tools, can be fixed. But the number one correction in my opinion should go in the direction of strengthening it because at the moment very poor families are excluded, like those of legal immigrants, excluded if they do not have 10 years of residence. Another correction to be made is to avoid the creation of a “poverty trap”, that is to say that the beneficiaries who begin to re-enter the labor market find themselves in the situation where the acceptance of precarious contracts and fragmented results in the loss of the entire profit. This is absurd, while support mechanisms for reintegration into the labor market can be created, so that as the income of employees increases, the amount of the Rdc gradually decreases. In addition, job centers need to be made more functional.
Q. The new executive will have to make the finance law immediately. What do you think it should essentially contain?
R One of the most important things to do is to reinforce, also through current expenditure, the policies put in place with the PNR. For example, in terms of social protection, the main thing is to strengthen the recruitment of doctors and nurses by the Regions for territorial medicine. It will certainly be necessary to strengthen redistributive measures because this huge crisis and inflation have a very different distributive effect. It will then be necessary to focus a lot in terms of energy on the transition to renewable energies and on the strengthening of all environmental measures. We must then focus on monitoring the question of training, which is fundamental for the labor market. And I would certainly immediately define a law on representation (to counter pirate contracts) and the establishment of a minimum wage. (Public policy)